This post presents an implementation of GET and POST HTTP requests in Swift with URLSession. Following the method in this post will allow you to fetch data from an API using GET and POST HTTP requests.

  1. Create A URLRequest
  2. HTTP Request With Headers
  3. HTTP Request With URL Parameters
  4. POST HTTP Request With JSON Body
  5. Create A URLSessionDataTask
  6. Start URLSessionDataTask
  7. Cancel URLSessionDataTask

Create A URLRequest

To make an HTTP request in Swift using URLSession first create a URLRequest. A URLRequest can be created with a URL, representing the API endpoint to make a GET or POST HTTP request to.

// Create a URLRequest for an API endpoint
let url = URL(string: "")!
var request = URLRequest(url: url)

HTTP Request With Headers

If your HTTP request is to an API that requires authentication or other headers, you can set the necessary HTTP request headers on the URLRequest using the setValue method.

// Configure request authentication
    forHTTPHeaderField: "Authorization"

// For POST requests with a JSON body, set the Content-Type header
    forHTTPHeaderField: "Content-Type"

HTTP Request With URL Parameters

URLComponents can be used to create a URL with query parameters for an API request.

var components = URLComponents()
components.scheme = "https" = ""
components.path = "/api/devs"

components.queryItems = [
    URLQueryItem(name: "skill", value: "swift")

// "

Learn more about URLs and URL parameters in Swift:

Parse and Create URLs in Swift
Learn how to create a URL from components, parse a URL into components, and work with URL query items in Swift.

POST HTTP Request With JSON Body

If you need to make a POST request, you can set the httpMethod and httpBody on the URLRequest.

// Serialize HTTP Body data as JSON
let body = ["user_id": "12"]
let bodyData = try?
    withJSONObject: body, 
    options: []

// Change the URLRequest to a POST request
request.httpMethod = "POST"
request.httpBody = bodyData

Create A URLSessionDataTask

To handle a request response, create a URLSessionDataTask with a completion handler. Use the completion handler to parse the request response and handle any error that may have occurred.

// Create the HTTP request
let session = URLSession.shared
let task = session.dataTask(with: request) { (data, response, error) in

    if let error = error {
        // Handle HTTP request error
    } else if let data = data {
        // Handle HTTP request response
    } else {
        // Handle unexpected error

Start URLSessionDataTask

All newly created URLSessionDataTask objects are in a suspended state by default. To start the HTTP request, call:


Cancel URLSessionDataTask

If the HTTP request needs to be cancelled after the request has started, call:


HTTP Requests in Swift

That’s it! Using URL, URLRequest, URLSession, and URLSessonDataTask allows you to make HTTP requests and fetch data from APIs in Swift without external libraries and dependencies.